At the foot of Capitol Hill, between Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via del Corso, is considered the center of the city traffic. On the South side of the square stands the imposing rectangular mass of Victorian, national monument to Victor Emmanuel II, built in the early 1900s, designed by Giuseppe Sacconi, and jokingly called by the Romans the typewriter. The entire complex, after the burial of the body of the unknown soldier, the November 4, 1921, is often called, by extension, Altare della Patria.
The Western side of the square is occupied by the Renaissance façade of Palazzo Venezia, who was for a short time and then Papal Palace from 1564 to 1797 was the seat of the representative office of the Republic of Serenissimapresso the State of the Church. During the years of fascism, from 1929, became official seat of the head of Government: from her balcony looked out for his speeches Benito Mussolini. Now houses a museum.