The name derives from Vittorio Emanuele II, the first King of Italy. At his death in 1878, it was decided to erect a monument dedicated to the father of the country and with him the entire season of the Risorgimento. The Victorian era was supposed to be a space open to the public. The monumental complex was inaugurated by Vittorio Emanuele III June 4, 1911.
It was the culmination of the international exhibition that celebrated the fifty years of the United Italy. The General model is inspired by Victorian examples of Greek and Latin Classics.